iExec Protocol
Comment on page

Access requester secrets

In this tutorial, you will learn how to:
  • leverage requester secrets by using the following environment variables in your code: IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_1, IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_2, ..., IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_<N>
  • map your personal secrets to those environment variables when buying an execution on iExec network
Before going any further, make sure you managed to Build with a TEE framework.
Trusted Execution Environments offer a huge advantage from a security perspective. They guarantee that the behavior of execution does not change even when launched on an untrusted remote machine. The data inside this type of environment is also protected, which allows its monetization while preventing leakage.
With iExec, it is possible to securely consume requester-provided secrets in the application.
The requester secrets are only exposed to authorized apps inside enclaves and never leave them.
Your secrets are transferred with the SDK from your machine to the SMS over a TLS channel.
Let's see how to do all of that!

Prepare your application

For demo purposes, we omitted some development best practices in these examples.
Make sure to check your field's best practices before going to production.
We will use the API This service keeps a count of hit on any couple of namespace/key (ex: In this example, we will use requester secrets to set namespace/key.
Let's create a directory tree for this app in ~/iexec-projects/.
cd ~/iexec-projects
mkdir tee-requester-secrets-app && cd tee-requester-secrets-app
iexec init --skip-wallet
mkdir src
touch Dockerfile
chmod +x
Depending on the TEE framework you are using, make sure your chain.json content is correct:
The application use the requester secrets to make a call to a secret endpoint of and writes the result in a file:
Copy the following content in src/ .
const fsPromises = require("fs").promises;
const axios = require("axios");
(async () => {
try {
const iexecOut = process.env.IEXEC_OUT;
// get the secret endpoint from requester secrets
const secretNamespace = process.env.IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_1;
const secretKey = process.env.IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_2;
if (!secretNamespace) {
console.log("missing requester secret 1 (namespace)");
if (!secretKey) {
console.log("missing requester secret 2 (key)");
// get the hit count from countapi
const hitCount = await axios
.then(({ data }) => data.value);
const result = `endpoint hit ${hitCount} times`;
// write the result
await fsPromises.writeFile(`${iexecOut}/result.txt`, result);
// declare everything is computed
const computedJsonObj = {
"deterministic-output-path": `${iexecOut}/result.txt`,
await fsPromises.writeFile(
} catch (e) {
// do not log anything that could reveal the requester secrets!
console.log("something went wrong");
import os
import json
import requests
iexec_out = os.environ["IEXEC_OUT"]
# get the secret endpoint from requester secrets
secret_namespace = os.environ["IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_1"]
except Exception:
print("missing requester secret 1 (namespace)")
secret_key = os.environ["IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_2"]
except Exception:
print("missing requester secret 2 (key)")
# get the hit count from countapi
response = requests.request("GET", "" + secret_namespace + "/" + secret_key)
json_response = response.json()
hit_count = json_response["value"]
result = "endpoint hit " + str(hit_count) + " times"
# write the result
with open(iexec_out + "/result.txt", "w+") as fout:
# declare everything is computed
with open(iexec_out + "/computed.json", "w+") as f:
json.dump({ "deterministic-output-path" : iexec_out + "/result.txt" }, f)
except Exception:
# do not log anything that could reveal the requester developer secret!
print("something went wrong")

Build a Confidential Computing application

Create the Dockerfile
In this section, you will:
The Dockerfile and the build scripts are similar to the ones we saw previously for a trusted application:
Create the Dockerfile
For a Javascript application:
# Starting from a base image supported by SCONE
FROM node:14-alpine3.11
# install your dependencies
RUN mkdir /app && cd /app && npm install axios
COPY ./src /app
ENTRYPOINT [ "node", "/app/app.js"]
For a Python application:
FROM python:3.7.3-alpine3.10
RUN pip3 install requests
COPY ./src /app
ENTRYPOINT ["python3", "/app/"]
Build the docker image.
docker build . --tag <docker-hub-user>/count-api:1.0.0
Follow the steps described in Build Scone app > Build the TEE docker image.
Update the script with the variables as follow:
# Declare image related variables
Run the script to build the Scone TEE application:
In this section, you will create a Dockerfile and create your Gramine TEE application as we saw in Build Gramine app > Prepare your application.
You need to copy the Dockerfile, then update its RUN statements to install required dependencies for your application:
For a Javascript application:
# Install required node dependencies
RUN npm install axios
For a Python application:
# Install required Python dependencies
RUN pip3 install requests

Push the image on Docker Hub

docker push <docker-hub-user>/tee-scone-count-api:1.0.0-debug
docker push <docker-hub-user>/tee-gramine-count-api:1.0.0

Test your app on iExec

At this stage, your application is ready to be tested on iExec with the following steps:

Deploy the TEE app on iExec

For simplicity, we will use secrets in a TEE-debug app on a debug workerpool. The debug workerpool is connected to a debug Secret Management Service so we will send the requester secrets to this SMS (this is fine for debugging but do not use to store production secrets).

Push some requester secrets to the SMS

iexec requester push-secret my-namespace
iexec requester push-secret my-key

Check secrets availability in the SMS

iexec requester check-secret my-namespace
iexec requester check-secret my-key

Run the TEE app

You are now ready to run the app with requester secrets.
Specify the --secret and --tag tee,scone options in iexec app run command to run a tee app with requester secrets on Scone
iexec app run <appAddress> \
--tag tee,scone \
--workerpool debug-v8-bellecour.main.pools.iexec.eth \
--secret 1=my-namespace \
--secret 2=my-key \
Specify the --secret and --tag tee,gramine options in iexec app run command to run a TEE app with requester secrets on Gramine
iexec app run <appAddress> \
--tag tee,gramine
--workerpool debug-v8-bellecour.main.pools.iexec.eth \
--secret 1=my-namespace \
--secret 2=my-key \
The option --secret <secretMapping...> allow the requester to provision any number of secrets with the mapping syntax <key>=<name>.
--secret 1=foo 3=bar
  • the secret named foo will be available in IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_1
  • the secret named bar will be available in IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_3
  • IEXEC_REQUESTER_SECRET_2 will be skipped

Next step?

Thanks to the explained confidential computing workflow, you now know how to consume requester secrets in a Confidential Computing application.
To go further, check out how to: